Blackheads, literally speaking, are small pin head to pin tip sized black spots on the face. Blackheads usually are early signs of acne although people have also referred at age spots and freckles as blackheads. Medically the term “open comedones” is synonymous with blackheads.
When and where do they occur?
Blackheads commonly occurs during adolescence and early adulthood. It is usually present alongside other lesions of acne like white heads and red spots with some pain. They can happen anywhere on the face but are often most prominent and bothersome on the nose and cheeks.
Reasons for blackheads
Blackheads happen due to the effects of changing hormones on the skin glands. The gland is the sebaceous gland which produces an oily product called sebum. Some amount of sebum is necessary to maintain skin hydration. During puberty, the gland becomes sensitive to the effects of the changing hormones and becomes larger in size and produces more sebum causing the skin to appear oily. The skin cells adjacent to the opening of the glands grow and multiply in number and block the opening of the glands. Dust from the environment settles on the blocked gland and gives the appearance of a blackhead.
1. Use a gentle cleanser 2 times a day with lukewarm or cold water.
2. A light toner or rose water can be used after cleansing the skin to get a second round of cleansing.
3. Use a light non-comedogenic moisturiser all over the face at night.
4. All skincare products used including the sunscreen or moisturiser or any night creams should be non-comedogenic in nature. The bottles are usually labelled as being non-comedogenic.
5. Creams containing benzoyl peroxide, adapalene, tretinoin or azaelic acid can be applied all over the face at night. This is best done after medical consultation as there can be potential side effects.
6. If the acne is severe or if you have a tendency to scar, it is advisable to see a dermatologist for medical treatment.
Home remedies to treat blackheads
1. Coriander and Turmeric powder
Prepare a paste from coriander leaves and strain the liquid. Add turmeric to the coriander juice and mix it; leave it on the face for 30 minutes. Wash it off with lukewarm water. Do it every night.
2. Besan and almonds paste
This treatment is recommended for the nose. Prepare a scrub with almonds and besan powder and use it to get rid of blackheads.
3. Baking soda
Make a paste of baking soda and water and apply to the area for 25 minutes. Wash it off with warm water to get rid of blackheads. Do a test patch, especially if you have sensitive skin.
Honey is also considered one of the best ingredients for skincare, either as a facial pack or mask. So apply honey on your face to get rid of blackheads.
5. Coffee face scrub
Besides removing the dead skin, it adds moisture to your skin, making it soft and smooth. Take one fourth cup of ground coffee and sugar and mix them together. Add two teaspoons of virgin olive oil and three vitamin E capsules. Apply on your face and scrub away.
6. Gram flour
Mix some gram flour with rose water and scrub it on your face for about twenty minutes. You will see an instant difference.
7. Egg white scrub
Mix egg white with two tablespoons of honey. Then apply it on your face and wash when the scrub has dried. Repeat the process thrice a week and watch the blackheads disappear.
8. Tomato face scrub
Take two tablespoons of tomato juice and add half a teaspoon of sugar to it. Scrub your face with this mixture for about three to four minutes and then leave it till it dries. Then wash it off.
In a bowl, mix a tablespoon of nutmeg powder and a two tablespoon of milk. Mix and apply on your face directly.
Squeeze out a few drops of lemon juice in a bowl, along with salt and mix well. Now, wash your face with warm water, and apply the lemon and salt mixture to the affected area. Keep it on for 20 minutes and then wash it off.